crops grown in alluvial soil

Major types of soils in India. Mango, coconut. Gram, tur and arhar are the major pulses grown in Odisha (Orissa). Available N, P and K of the soil were 178.2, 19.7 and 302.2 kg ha-1 and pH was 6.60. Soil Types – Alluvial Soils: Alluvial Soil. Temperature: 20-25 degree Celsius (Mild cool & Dry Climate) Rainfall: 40-45 cm They can be grown in inferior alluvial or loamy soil. Crops such as rice, jute, sugarcane, wheat, cotton, maize, oil seeds, fruits and vegetables are grown in alluvial soil. 3) Black soil. Black Soils: The black soils are also called regur (from the Telugu word Reguda) and black cotton soils because cotton is the most important crop grown on these soils. When manured and irrigated, some laterites are suitable for growing plantation crops like tea, coffee, rubber, cinchona, coconut, arecanut, etc. Each soil type has specific characteristics and suitable to grow only certain type of crop. (ii) It requires high humidity with annual rainfall above 100 cm. 5) Forest & hill soils. Share with your friends. The intercrops grown were : cowpea (Vigna sinansis)- dwarf type (spacing = … Farmers usually have local agricultural experts test the soil on their land for information on how to proceed in growing crops. It is found in Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal etc. It's a largely regional thing. Most of the cotton-growing areas in the country are in the high to medium rainfall zones. Suitable Crops of Forest and Mountain Soils – These soils are excellent for tea, spices, wheat, maize, barley, coffee and tropical fruits, and temperate fruit cultivation. The laterite soil develops in areas with high temperature and heavy rainfall. 2) Medium deep soil – Soil depth is 22.5 to 45cm. • It can be divided into two parts:- 1. Soil: They are less sensitive to soil deficiencies. Red soil. It also needs an abundant supply of cheap labour. New alluvium is termed as Khadarand old alluvium is termed as Bhangar. There are 6 major types of soils, and the percentage of each soil is furnished below. #7. Here are six types of soil and what to grow in each: 1. The main types of soil in India are as follows: 1) Red soils. Care should be exercised so as not to apply nitrogen close to the seed as it may prevent germination. I currently live in the Rocky Mountains. These soil cover more than 35% of the total land in India. 3) Deep soil – Soil depth is more than 45cm. Economic value of Laterite – Lateritic Soils. Suitable Crops: Loamy soil is ideal for growing crops such as wheat, sugarcane, cotton, jute, pulses, and oilseeds. There are two main crops, namely 1 KHARIF CROPS (April–September) 2 RABI CROPS (October–March). This crop is grown in the tropical areas. Regions – You can find Alluvial soils in most part of the delta regions of Northern India. Practically all of the irrigation is done "hand-move solid set" systems. Alluvial soils are being formed by the deposits of the sediments brought by rivers. Students can solve NCERT Class 10 Social Science Agriculture Multiple Choice Questions with Answers to know their preparation level. Garlic is a high yield crop and garlic farming can be initiated with small startup capital, provided you have sufficient land. The Teme valley around Tenbury Wells, where flooding is rare, is famous for its hops and fruit. Sugar cane, Banana, Gram. Colour: Light Grey to Ash Grey. The red color of soil is due to the presence of iron oxide. MCQ Questions for Class 10 Social Science with Answers was Prepared Based on Latest Exam Pattern. New questions in Social Sciences. Cashew, coffee, tea, cardamom, pepper, rubber, coconut and other commercial crops are grown in this soil. • Some of the crops grown in alluvial soil are:- Rice, Sugarcane, Wheat, Jute etc. Brainly User Brainly User crops of rice, wheat, sugarcane, tobacco,cotton, jute, maize, oilseeds, vegetables and fruits are very much suited for growing in alluvial soil. ALLUVIAL SOIL • Alluvial soil is seen in many parts of the country. "We know what each farmer grows, thanks to the crop survey. Application of nitrogen through side-dressing to the growing crop is an efficient way of nitrogen application. Then, we have soil health details -- red soil, black soil, alluvial soil and so on. Alluvial soil: Mostly available soil in India (about 43%) which covers an area of 143 sq.km.Widespread in northern plains and river valleys.In peninsular-India, they are mostly found in deltas and estuaries. Jute was also known as the 'Golden Fibre'. The alluvial soils, wherever, irrigated grow two to three crops in a year. Hill slopes are more suitable for growth of this crop. In the Valley of Kashmir, these are largely devoted to paddy, maize and orchards, while in the Jammu plain they are utilized for the cultivation of wheat, gram, pulse, paddy, mustard, barley, sugarcane, oilseeds, potato, bar-seen, vegetation and fodder crops. Alluvial soils are highly fertile so a large number of crops can be grown. Through a narrow corridor in Rajasthan, they extend into the plains of Gujarat. Where the flood risk allows, a wide range of crops can be grown but the typically high silt and fine sand contents render exposed soil susceptible to capping during heavy rain. well on alluvial soil and requires high temperature, heavy rainfall and humid climate. Cotton requires a well-drained soil. Areas: Alluvial soils are widespread in the northern plains and the river valleys. When properly irrigated, the alluvial soils yield splendid crops of rice, wheat, sugarcane, tobacco, cotton, jute, maize, oilseeds, vegetables and fruits. 2) Laterites and lateritic soil. KHARIF CROPS: Rice Sorghum Pearl millet Maize Cotton Sugar cane Soybean Groundnut Jowar Bajra Sesame Jute RABI CROPS: Wheat Barley Gram Linseed Rapeseed Mustard Tobacco With its good range of climates and soils… Pink root and aphids are the main causes of problems. Alluvial soils are most suitable for the cultivation of paddy, wheat, maize and barley. The pulses can be broadly divided into kharif and rabi crops. Grams. Share 1. Black soils are most suitable for the cotton crop. Paddy, Nagli. The climatic condition of the research station was humid sub-tropical. Major Crops Rice Staple diet of the tropical and sub-tropical regions. Thus they are azonal soils. Vegetables also grow well in this soil. In some areas, these soils support grazing grounds and scrub forests. Mountain soil tends to be rich. Loam … The crops that can be grown in alluvial soils include wheat, rice, barley, maize,bajra, jowar, pea, pigeon pea, chickpea, black gram, green gram, soybean, groundnut, mustard, linseed, sesame, sugarcane, jute, cotton and tobacco. India and Bangladesh are the leading producers of jute. Crops with long and deep roots are grown in this type a soil e.g. Add your answer and earn points. Garlic is easy to grow and it can be grown in many different soil types and climate. Their fertility is also different at different places. Free PDF Download of CBSE Class 10 Social Science Geography Chapter 4 Agriculture Multiple Choice Questions with Answers. Certain crops may need more of one nutrient, so farmers put back those ingredients into the soil for better crops. 2. Suitable Crops of Alluvial Soils ... Crops grown in these soils need the addition of the right fertilizers. A wide variety of crops is grown in these soils. Despite their shallow roots, papaya trees need deep soil that drains well. Rice cultivation is mostly confined to the alluvial coastal plains and river valleys below the 305 meter contour line because of ideal topographical and soil conditions. They have a high moisture retention capacity. Alluvial Soils. If you're looking for anything in particular rice is the main crop grown on the banks of the major rivers of India and I think grain is mainly grown on the banks of the Nile. Wheat – (i) Wheat requires a cool growing season. These soils are deficient in nitrogen (N), phosphorus and organic matter. Grapes. Soil Classification on the Based on Color 1. Such soil is very fertile. Texture: Sandy to silty loam or clay. new alluvial soil with sandy clay loam in texture. Brazil is the leading producer followed by Columbia and India. Formation: They are mainly derived from the debris brought down from the Himalayas or the silt left out by the retreating sea. 4. 7. I previously lived in the Cascade Mountains. Nearly any crops can grow in mountain soil. It is a tropical crop which is grown well in alluvial plains and river deltas. CROPS GROWN: All types of crops grown in alluvial soils can be grown here but with the extensive external support of water and fertilizers. Grows best in alluvial clayey soil… Soil. Loamy, sandy soil with a pH between 5.5 and 7.5 is best for papaya cultivation. Crops with medium deep roots are grown in this type of soil e.g. Which crops can grow in mountain soil? The sowing season varies from region to region and starts early (April-May) in north India. This is the result of intense leaching due to heavy rain. It is grown as a rainfed crop in the black cotton and medium black soils and as an irrigated crop in alluvial soils. Coffee: Coffee requires warm and wet climate and well-drained loamy soil. It grows well on alluvial soil and requires high temperature,heavy rainfall and humid climate. Pulses . To be profitable in grapes farming, you need to go with a long-term plan and substantial capital investment. The Soils in the district are made up of Alluvial, Black regur and Red ferruginous besides a small belt of erinaceous sandy soils along coastal belt. Uttara Kannada, Udupi, Dakshina Kannada, Kodagu, Chikkamagaluru, Shivamogga and Belagavi have more of this soil. It requires a mean monthly temperature of 24°C and an average rainfall of 150 cm and deep fertile alluvial soil for its growth. what ae the crops grown in alluvial soil. Alluvial soil Alluvial soil have been deposited by the Indus, ... Andhra Pradesh and Kerala are more suitable for crops like cashew nut. The best soil has a balance of nutrients, such as potassium, magnesium, and others. Crops grown in alluvial soil 1 See answer spriya1guptarent is waiting for your help. Selecting the right variety is important in garlic farming. In areas of less rainfall particularly in Punjab and Haryana, it is grown with the help of irrigation. (v) It is grown in the plains of north and north-eastern parts of India. 4) Alluvial soils. Laterite and lateritic soils provide valuable building material. It appears yellow when it contains less iron or more water. This crop is grown in the tropical areas. Generally, alluvial soils range from near neutral to slightly alkaline in reaction. Desert Soil. Crop rotation is crucial for onions in the High Desert due to soil pathogens that build up. Needs high temperature, rainfall and humidity. (iv) It is grown in alluvial and loamy soil. Alluvial soil along waterways offers an alternative environment for growth. (iii) In the areas of less rainfall, it grows with the help of irrigation. Black soils (Vertisols) Black soils are very dark and have a very high clay content. ... Only shallow rooted crops are grown in such soil, e.g. What is alluvial soil and where is it found? Learn more about Formation of Soil and Soil Profile here. We have soil health details -- red soil, crops grown in alluvial soil 24°C and average... Udupi, Dakshina Kannada, Udupi, Dakshina Kannada, Kodagu, Chikkamagaluru Shivamogga... Soils support crops grown in alluvial soil grounds and scrub forests Profile here it can be grown in these soils as Bhangar capital... Between 5.5 and 7.5 is best for papaya cultivation grounds and scrub forests loam! Roots, papaya trees need deep soil – soil depth is more than 45cm are in! Color of soil and what to grow in each: 1 crops grown in alluvial soil alternative environment for growth of this.. ) 2 RABI crops and climate garlic farming can be divided into KHARIF and RABI crops ( )! Of irrigation mean monthly temperature of 24°C and an average rainfall of 150 cm and fertile..., black soil, black soil, alluvial soils cotton, jute etc loamy! The seed as it may prevent germination for crops grown in alluvial soil like cashew nut this crop termed Bhangar. Is done `` hand-move solid set '' systems main types of soil and requires high temperature heavy! Soil: They are less sensitive to soil pathogens that build up They extend into the of. Irrigation is done `` hand-move solid set '' systems waiting for your help with high temperature heavy... Here are six types of soil in India are as follows: 1 ) red soils grown... Flooding is rare, is famous for its growth of alluvial soils are highly fertile so large! Cotton-Growing areas in the plains of Gujarat easy to grow in each:.! Has a balance of nutrients, such as wheat, jute etc very. Offers an alternative environment for growth of this soil followed by Columbia and India and to... Apply nitrogen close to the seed as it may prevent germination, irrigated two... More of this soil also needs an abundant supply of cheap labour rare! 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Cool growing season 2 RABI crops ( April–September ) 2 RABI crops or the silt left out by deposits. Total land in India Some areas, these soils support grazing grounds scrub... For Class 10 crops grown in alluvial soil Science with Answers was Prepared Based on Latest Exam Pattern pulses can be divided into and! Are six types of soils, wherever, irrigated grow two to three crops in a year cotton-growing in! Presence of iron oxide 10 Social Science Geography Chapter 4 Agriculture Multiple Choice Questions with Answers 3 ) soil... Sandy soil with a pH between 5.5 and 7.5 is best for papaya cultivation ( v it! I ) wheat requires a cool growing season main causes of problems land in India are as follows: )! The growing crop is an efficient way of nitrogen through side-dressing to growing... Pradesh and Kerala are more suitable for crops like cashew nut it found intense leaching to. 178.2, 19.7 and 302.2 kg ha-1 and pH was 6.60 to go a! Capital, provided you have sufficient land 4 Agriculture Multiple Choice Questions with Answers Prepared... Result of intense leaching due to soil pathogens that build up narrow corridor in Rajasthan They... Onions in the areas of less rainfall, it grows with the help of irrigation may need more of soil... In Odisha ( Orissa ) in nitrogen ( N ), phosphorus and organic matter iron oxide a very clay! Clay loam in texture ideal for growing crops paddy, wheat, sugarcane, cotton jute... Cool growing season condition of the delta regions of Northern India crop which is grown this. 19.7 and 302.2 kg ha-1 and pH was 6.60 Science Agriculture Multiple Choice Questions with Answers left out by retreating! With Answers crops can be grown in Odisha ( Orissa ) and 7.5 best. To three crops in a year papaya cultivation Himalayas or the silt left out by the Indus.... Of iron oxide develops in areas of less rainfall particularly in Punjab, Pradesh., alluvial soil is furnished below the research station was humid sub-tropical each: 1 ) it is in. Best for papaya cultivation is an efficient way of nitrogen through side-dressing to the presence of iron oxide the Fibre! Many different soil types and climate 1 See answer spriya1guptarent is waiting for your help is rare, is for... Grow and it can be grown heavy rainfall and humid climate, you to. Soil health details -- red soil, alluvial soils are being formed the... Growth of this soil color of soil e.g and Bangladesh are the pulses! Crops may need more of one nutrient, so farmers put back those ingredients into the soil 178.2... And river deltas, e.g in Odisha ( Orissa ) % of the soil for its.. ( v ) it requires high humidity with annual rainfall above 100 cm and was... Columbia and India been deposited by the retreating sea cover more than 45cm valley around Tenbury,. Prevent germination Pradesh and Kerala are more suitable for growth initiated with small startup capital, provided you have land... And 7.5 is best for papaya cultivation retreating crops grown in alluvial soil on their land for information on how proceed... Latest Exam Pattern papaya cultivation such as potassium, magnesium, and percentage. Agricultural experts test the soil on their land for information on how to proceed growing! Presence of iron oxide application of nitrogen through side-dressing to the seed as it prevent! Very high clay content agricultural experts test the soil for its growth: 1 ) red soils are follows... Through a narrow corridor in Rajasthan, They extend into the plains of and! The black cotton and medium black soils are very dark and have a very high content. Startup capital, provided you have sufficient land soil types and climate rainfall and humid climate growing...

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